Superiority and Virtue of the First Ten Days of the
It is a beloved act to raise the voice when saying the Takbir in the markets, the houses, the streets, the masjids and other places, because of the saying of Allah Most High in Surah al-Hajj Ayah 37: "... that you may magnify Allah for His Guidance to you.."
The saying of Takbir in congregation, i.e., everyone pronouncing the Takbir with one voice (in unison), is not permissible since this has not been transmitted (to us) from the early generations of the Sahabah and those who followed their ways. Indeed the Sunnah is for everyone to say the Takbir individually (each at his own pace). And this is applicable for all Dhikr (remembrance of Allah) and supplications, except if the person does not know what to say. In that case he may repeat after someone else until he learns (the words to be said). It is also permissible to make Dhikr with all the different wording of Takbir (Allahu-Akbar) and Tahmid (alhumdulillaah) and Tasbih (SubhaanAllah), and the rest of the Islamic legislated supplications (from the noble Qur'an and blessed Sunnah).
Fourth: At-Tawbah (repentance) and abstaining from disobedience and all types of sins, because forgiveness and mercy are the results of deeds. Disobedience is the cause of being far away (from Allah Most High) and repulsion, while obedience is the cause of being near (to Allah Most High) and His love. In the Hadith of Abu Hurairah (radhiAllaahu 'anhu), he said that the Messenger of Allah Muhammad (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) said, "Verily Allah has a sense of 'Ghayrah' (honour, prestige and anger over it's violation), and Allah's sense of Ghayrah is provoked when a person does that which Allah has made prohibited". [Bukhari and Muslim]
Fifth: Doing plenty of voluntary (Nafl) righteous deeds of worship like prayer, charity, Jihad, reading the Qur'an, commanding what is good and forbidding what is evil, and other deeds like this. Indeed they are amongst those deeds whose (virtue) are multiplied in these days. Because, during these days even those deeds which are less preferred are superior and more beloved to Allah than superior deeds done at other times - even the Jihad which is one of the most superior of all deeds, except in the case of one whose horse is killed and his blood is spilled.
Sixth: It is legislated in these days to make at- Takbir al-Mutlaq (unrestricted to specific times or form) at all times of night and day until the time of the `Eid Prayer. Also, at-Takbir al-Muqayyid (restricted to specific times and done in a particular manner) is legislated, and it is done after the (five) obligatory prayers which are performed in congregation. This begins from Dawn (Fajr) on the Day of 'Arafah (the 9th of Dhul-Hijjah) for those not performing Hajj, and from Noon (Dhur) on the Day of Sacrifice (10th of Dhul-Hijjah) for those performing Hajj (pilgrims); and it continues until 'Asr prayer on the last day of the days of Tashriq (13th of Dhul-Hijjah).
Seventh: The slaughtering of a sacrificial animal (Udhiyyah) is also legislated for the Day of Sacrifice (10th) and the Days of Tashriq (11th, 12th and 13th). This is the Sunnah of our father Ibrahim ('alayhis-salaam) - since the time Allah Most High redeemed his son by the great sacrifice (of an animal in his place). It is authentically reported that the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) slaughtered two horned rams, black and white in colour, and that he slaughtered them with his own hands. He mentioned the name of Allah Most High (saying Bismillaah), then said Takbir (Allahu-Akbar) and placed his foot on their sides (while slaughtering them). [Bukhari and Muslim. Bukhari English translation - Dr. Muhsin Khan, Vol.2, Pg. 447-448 #770 and 772, 1979]
Eighth: Muslim and others narrated from Umm Salamah (radhiAllaahu `anhaa) that the Messenger of Allah Muhammad (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) said, "If you see the Hilal (new moon) of Dhul-Hijjah, and any one of you wants to make a sacrifice, then he should not cut (anything) from his hair and his nails." In another narration he said, "...then he should not take (cut) anything from his hair, nor from his nails, until he performs the sacrifice." Perhaps this is because of the similarity with the one who is bringing a sacrificial animal for slaughter (in Hajj). As Allah Most High said, "...and do not shave your heads until the Hadi (sacrifice) reaches the place of sacrifice..."
The apparent meaning of this prohibition is that it is meant particularly for the one whom the sacrifice is for and does not include the wife or children, unless there is an individual sacrifice for one of them. There is no harm in washing the head, or scratching it, even if some hair may fall out.
Ninth: It is incumbent for the Muslim ( who is not making Hajj) to make every effort to perform the `Eid Prayer wherever it is performed, and to be present for the Khutbah and benefit from it. He must know the wisdom behind the legislation of this `Eid. It is a day of thankfulness and performing deeds of righteousness. So, he must not make it a day of wildness, pride and vanity. He should not make it a season of disobedience and increase in the forbidden things like music and singing, uncontrolled amusement, intoxicants and the like - those things which could cause the cancellation of the good deeds done in these ten days (of Dhul-Hijjah).
Tenth: After what has been mentioned, it is fitting that every Muslim, male and female, take advantage of these days by obeying Allah Most High, remembering Him, thanking Him, fulfilling all the obligatory duties, and staying far away from the prohibited things. He must take full advantage of this season, and the open display of Allah's gifts to attain the pleasure of his Lord.
Surely, Allah Most High is the One who grants success, and He is the Guide to the Straight Path. And may the blessings of Allah Most High, and Peace be upon Muhammad and his family and companions.